foundational axioms do matter

Nothing New Press is on facebook and the current discussion is about the differences between the American and French Revolution. They were both based on the concept of individual liberty and freedom from tyrannical and despotic government control, but they were vastly different in their characters and outcomes. The French Revolution gave the world the Napoleonic Empire and some of the bloodiest wars in European history, while the American Revolution gave us a stable Constitution and form of government used as inspiration for many stable countries in the modern world.

It is a fascinating exploration into the great question of why. Come join us.

Advertisements

story of the ancient world: extra- biblical details

There are details in The Story of the Ancient World that are not found in Scripture. Where did they come from?

Although this question is answered in the Publisher’s Preface, I thought a more thorough answer would also be helpful. Besides the Scripture, which gave us the foundational framework for ancient world history, we gleaned details from a few other significant sources.

Of course, the first was H.A. Guerber’s The Story of the Chosen People. However, we did not use that text in its entirety, since she compromised with evolutionary history especially in the beginning of her work. We used The Defender’s Study Bible by the late Dr. Henry M. Morris for answers where evolutionary history clashed with the history recorded in Genesis.

We used Josephus: The Complete Works translated by William Whitson. Many details of early history were preserved in Antiquities of the Jews which were not included in Scripture, but implied. For example, Antiquities records the number of Adam and Eve’s children as 33 sons and 23 daughters, which you find repeated in chapter VI of Ancient World, The Great Boat. Now this number is not given in Scripture, but a number like this is implied. How? By the great length of years Adam and Eve lived and the great number of descendants they had to have had, in order to increase the population as rapidly as the first 11 chapters of Genesis implies.

We used The Annuls of the World by James Ussher, recently translated into English for the first time by Larry and Marion Pierce. This vast scholarly work was not only very helpful with dating biblical events, but also integrating biblical history with “secular” ancient history.

We used A New System, or an Analysis of Ancient Mythology by Jacob Bryant. This six volume work is the life work of the greatest classical scholar in Britain in his day. He analyzed all the literature of the ancient world’s mythology in its original Greek and Latin, and brought out the thread of common history which was embedded in all of it. Of course, that common history agreed in whole part with the history recorded in Genesis, since that is the true history of the ancient earth.

And we used The Five Great Monarchies of the Ancient Eastern World by George Rawlinson, professor of ancient history at Oxford University. George Rawlinson’s brother is Sir Henry Rawlinson, the discoverer and the translator of the Behistun Inscription, which unlocked the history of ancient Assyria to the world.

Also of incomparable value was The Chronology of the Old Testament by Dr. Floyd Nolen Jones. Here is an exacting and careful biblical scholar who harmonized every statement in Scripture as it touched on dates and chronology. He confirmed that Ussher’s work was exceedingly accurate, which must explain why Ussher’s dates appeared in the margins of English Bibles for hundreds of years before the rise of evolutionary history.

All of these works are given special notice in the Publisher’s Preface, and of course are included in the Bibliography, along with the many many other books and articles which we used as source material for preparing The Story of the Ancient World.

Now why don’t we see anything about these books today, since as we can see the scholars who prepared them were deeply qualified? To a man, they affirm the young earth history recorded in Genesis, which has been out of vogue, even with Christian churchmen, since the turn of the century. That is why we sought them out in preparing our volume. 🙂

history resources on the internet

I need a place to archive my internet history research links. I lose them and have to start all over again every time my husband updates my computer. This collection is the bare bones beginning and will be a work in progress … and will eventually be sorted and find a permanent home at Nothing New Press

American history
Online Library of Liberty (Liberty Fund)
America’s Founding Documents
Wallbuilders with David Barton – America’s Forgotten History
The Founders Blog
The Federalist Society – Law and Public Policy Studies
Biography of Roger Williams (for homeschoolers)

World history
EmersonKent.com – World History for the Relaxed Historian
The Map as History
Truth Triumphant: A History of the Church in the Wilderness by B. J. Wilkinson
Prophetic Faith of our Fathers by LeRoy E. Froom in four volumes
A Repository of Historical Texts – 17th Century Great Britain
The French Revolution: A History by Thomas Carlyle (1798 France)

Ancient History
The Defender’s Study Bible, notes by Dr. Henry M. Morris
Annuls of the World by James Ussher, translated by Larry and Marion Pierce
The Complete Works of Falvius Josephus translated by William Whiston
A New System: or, an Analysis of Ancient Mythology Vol 1 by Jacob Bryant
A New System: or, an Analysis of Ancient Mythology Vol 2 by Jacob Bryant
The Five Great Monarchies of the Ancient Eastern World by George Rawlinson vol 1, vol 2, vol 3

been there done that

I notice that Islamic piracy is back on the rise on the world stage. Europe was held hostage at the mercy of Islamic pirates in its Mediterranean shipping for centuries from the Crusades to the 1800s. Every European naval power paid the Islamic pirates of those days (North African corsairs from the Barbary States) an annual tribute to not harass their shipping. Like protection money to the mob, it worked, but it didn’t give the criminals any incentive to forsake piracy; it just created a supply and demand cycle which ensured the survival of piracy as a thorn in one’s flesh.

When America was a young nation, during the Jefferson administration, we declared war on the Barbary States because of their harassment of American shipping. In those days the pirates took crew and passengers hostage and demanded ransom for their return (sound familiar?), or, if they could not get ransom, the Americans were enslaved.

The war lasted for a few years, with a flareup again after the War of 1812, and produced many exciting episodes and courageous heroes. But the long and the short of it was, bold and decisive action – such as pointing loaded cannons at the equivalent of the presidential palace and demanding the release of every American captive or else — and a willingness to spend millions for defense but not one cent for tribute, ended the hostilities in our favor rather quickly. When the Barbary States saw that piracy was no longer profitable, the former pirates soon found employment in other professions.

We used to know how to handle pirates, Islamic and otherwise, as well as every other sort of terrorist and thug. As my mother would say when I asked her as a new mother myself, how to enforce parental authority with my toddlers (a small type of terrorist and thug, if they are allowed to be), "You have to make the consequence of the action greater than the benefit." Simple economics. Let’s hope we remember our history.

Ancient World and Unwrapping the Pharaohs

I received a question recently about Story of the Ancient World – did Ancient World have the same timeline and dynasty information concerning the Hebrews and the Egyptians as Unwrapping the Pharaohs?

The short answer is: no.

The long answer is: Ancient World has Abraham most likely sojourning in Egypt during the reign of the Hyksos, Joseph being governor of Egypt during the reign of one of the Theban pharaohs, and Moses leading the Hebrews from Egypt during the regin of one of the Ramesesan dynasty pharaohs (after Ramses the Great). Unwrapping the Pharaohs was published at the time Ancient World was being printed, so I did not use it as a source reference for that book. Our dating and chronology authority is from Ussher’s Annals, and Chronology of the Old Testament by Dr. Floyd Nolan Jones. For Egyptian history harmonized with biblical history, we used primarily Rawlinson’s Five Great Monarchies of the Ancient Eastern World (of which one was Ancient Egypt) and Byrant’s An Analysis of Ancient Mythology (which is also an analysis of the ancient history brought down to us via the Greek classics and Manetho, the Egyptian historian). Rawlinson was professor of ancient history at Oxford University in England, and Bryant was the foremost classical historian in England in his day.

The ancient Egyptian chronology which is presented in Story of the Ancient World is not based on modern Egyptian chronology – as some (even modern) historians believe it has been exaggerated at some point in the past. I have based our chronology on the Egyptian Old Chronicle, which is the oldest historical document extant for Egyptian history. It contains half the number of dynasties that modern historians use, but, more importantly, it harmonizes perfectly with biblical history. Bryant makes a logical and indisputable argument for the reliability of the Old Chronicle in his six volume masterwork mentioned above.

So what does this mean: this means my dynasty numbers do not line up with those used in Unwrapping the Pharaohs, which accepts the standard dynastic list and goes from there. Because there is dispute about the dynastic list, I did not present our Egyptian history in terms of dynasties. I was not learned enough to analyze the standard dynastic list, and do what experts have been seeking to do since Napoleon’s discovery of ancient Egypt: harmonize that list with the Bible.

Instead, I have presented Egyptian history in terms of the great personalities of Egypt’s royal families: the Hyksos invaders, who they were, and where they came into the picture of Egyptian history; the great Theban family of Ahmose, Thutmose, Hatshepsut, Ankhenaten, and Tutankemon; and the "new" royal family which arose over Egypt (recorded in Exodus 1) of which Rameses the Great was the greatest pharaoh.

I did not place the reign of Rameses the Great after the Exodus as Unwrapping the Pharaohs does. The reason is this: of course, at the time I did not know the argument that Unwrapping the Pharaohs would be making, as it was not published yet. But there were books out there, which I had read, which did place Rameses after the Exodus (as well as books which place him during, and also others before — who to believe?) After wrestling with this question for months, I chose to place him before, simply because the biblical account presents God’s judgment on a proud and grand Egypt, on a devastating scale. While Egypt does again enter biblical history, it is not for hundreds of years after the Exodus, and Egypt never again regains her former glory or prominence.

Examining the monumental record of Rameses, there is no doubt that Rameses’ reign was the greatest in terms of magnificence, wealth, and renown that Egypt ever produced. So if you look at Egyptian history on a broad and grand scale, it builds and builds and builds in terms of might until the reign of Rameses, which is its height, then there is a mysterious period of chaos, power struggles, upheaval, unrest and a complete loss of power and influence, then there is a weak period of regrowth, however characterized by military defeats, and more power struggles, ending with foreign conquest, of one empire after another. The biblical history of the Exodus merely explains what cut short the magnificence and might of Egypt, and perfectly explains the cause of the ensuing chaos, and why it was a weaker state in world history from that time forth.

That is the history related in Story of the Ancient World. It does not line up with Unwrapping the Pharaohs in every particular. I have since learned that Dr. Ruth Beechick has published a new book: World History Made Simple: Matching History with the Bible, which has similar conclusions.

The history presented in Story of the Ancient World is not a judgment of Unwrapping the Pharaohs at all: they are experts, and I am a homeschooling mom. And Dr. Beechick is not an Egyptian authority either. But being outside the field, maybe we have not been influenced by the standard scholarship in the field, and so it is easier for us, in our simple way, to look at the Bible, look at Egypt, and come to a logical conclusion – which may or may not be a good thing.